Developing Assessments for the Kansas College and Career Ready Standards for Science
 Assessment development will be guided by the latest research on science assessments as compiled by the National Research Council in the recent publication: 
Book cover for the National Academy Press publication, "Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards"
Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards 
(full document) (4 pg report brief)
   Developing assessments to target the Kansas College and Career Ready Standards will be a challenge.  
   Just as the standards raise the expectations for what students know and are able to do, they will also raise the expectations of what a quality assessment looks like.

2015-2016 Science Assessment Update

As is mentioned in the table below, the 2015-2016 school year will be the field test of the newly developed assessment that targets the 2013 Kansas College and Career Ready Standards for Science.  As a field test, the primary purpose to ensure that the newly developed items are performing the way that we expect them to perform and students, teachers, buildings, and districts should not expect to receive data from these assessments other than the percent of students that participated.

There are a variety of things that will be different about this assessment as we attempt to address the challenge of measuring all three dimensions of these rigorous standards.

One significant change is that the days of the tested indicator are gone.  Tested indicators were intended to give teachers a better handle on what the assessment was going to be addressing, but were misused and abused to become either the only things that students were expected to learn, or were used for drill-and-kill rote memorization activities.  At each of the tested levels, the full scope of the standards will be addressed on the assessment.

Another change is that the assessment will be moving grade levels to better match the standards.  Our current standards are grade specific for grades K-5, so the elementary assessment will be given at the fifth grade level.  Though this assessment will target fifth grade standards, it should NOT be interpreted that science instruction isn't needed until 5th grade.  These standards build conceptually across grades and there is NO WAY that students not receiving quality science education across elementary school will be either successful on this assessment, or more importantly, prepared to learn science at the middle school level.  The middle school standards are grade-banded for grades 6-8; consequently the middle school assessment will occur during the eighth grade year.  Likewise, the high school standards are grade-banded and the assessment will take place in the 11th grade year.  

Another shift on this assessment is that there will be more than just  multiple choice items.  The assessment will include a variety of different item types, including technology enhanced items such as "drag and drop."  There will also be simulation items as a part of the assessment that will allow students to manipulate scenarios, collect data, and run experiments.  All of the items will be selected response items.  Whether students are presented with data, graphics, information, or a simulation to gather data and make observations, they will select their answer in some way from a given set of responses.  

These items are designed with the intent of measuring more than one dimension of the standards at a time.  This will mean that prompts will frequently not be just a question stem, but will ask students to apply what they know about all three dimensions of the standards to respond to data, graphs, descriptions of scenarios, and/or graphics.  Every attempt will be made to ensure that prompts are clear, relevant, and developmentally appropriate so that we can really measure student proficiency in science, rather than just there ability to remember science factoids or definitions.

We had hoped to also include a more explicitly performance item, but that ended up not being possible within financial constraints.  It is strongly recommended that teachers, buildings, and district collaborate to develop local performance tasks to fill in this hole in what you will know about how students learn science in your classrooms.  The state assessment will never tell that whole story.
Kansas Science Summative Assessment Development Plan
 
As a part of our regular standards revision cycle and with the adoption of new standards in 2013, the Kansas State Department of Education, in partnership with the Center for Educational Testing and Evaluation (CETE) (find content emphasis, item specifications, and performance level descriptors here) at the University of Kansas, is in the process of rebuilding our state science assessments to better target the standards in a way that evaluates the high level of learning expected by these standards.  We have developed a four year assessment transition plan that is supportive of the 4 year plan for transitioning instruction in the classroom.
  
Contact Information
Lizette Burks       Tierney Kirtdoll
Science Program Consultant         
         Administrative Specialist
lburks@ksde.org       tkirtdoll@ksde.org
785-296-8108  
  785-296-3142
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