Definitions of the types of student growth measures school districts will use:
State Assessments used for the purpose of showing patterns of likely teacher effectiveness, over time, are those assessments developed by CETE for KSDE.
Assessment instruments purchased from a vendor and designed to show student growth over time. These assessments have pre-determined student targets of achievement.
Local Performance Assessments
Assessments created by district, regional or national collaborative teams for the purpose of identifying student growth over time. These assessments will be considered valid and reliable based on an acceptable technical quality as determined by KSDE.
Student academic growth measures will be part of all Kansas educators’ evaluations as a significant factor in 2014-2015. However, it is not expected that student growth as part of the evaluation will be used to "inform personnel decisions" until 2016-2017. Significant is defined as showing student growth in multiple ways.
Kansas educators have long used student growth measures to indicate levels of student growth. Some assessment measures are purchased because they are deemed valid and reliable and are intended to depict a specific knowledge or skill demonstrated by the student. These are referred to as commercial assessments. Other district or regionally created measures are referred to as local assessments.
The Kansas “default list” of measures that educators will use at any given grade level or in any given content area is an ongoing list that will be annually updated each summer based on criteria listed below. The KSDE facilitated the development of the default list with the help and input of Kansas educators, REL and the Center for Great Teachers and Leaders. Kansas’ final criteria for selecting and/or creating assessments are listed on the Kansas Default List of Acceptable Student Growth Measures Assessments Criteria. The 6 criteria are:
1. Local assessments must be created in consultation with a school administrator with expertise in assessments, special education, ELL specialist and content expert.
2. Assessments cover all key subject/grade level content standards.
3. Number of test items should correlate to distribution of % of time spent teaching the content.
4. Assessments should require higher order thinking as appropriate.
5. Assessments should allow high and low achieving students to demonstrate their knowledge.
6. Assessments should measure accurately what it is designed to measure and produce similar results for students with similar levels of ability.
The KSDE final process for approving locally-selected measures of student growth is:
1. State Assessments must be used as one of the multiple measures selected for those grade levels and content areas where assessments are given. Additional State Assessments may be used as deemed appropriate.
2. All vetted and approved commercially based assessments will be listed on the Kansas Default Assessment List and can be used without prior approval.
3. District will submit by electronic form information substantiating how their locally created assessments meet the six criteria above.
4. Any assessment used within an evaluation that does not meet the six criteria above will be deemed as the educator has not met a student growth measure.
Districts wanting to use measures of student growth not on the list will have a process to analyze the validity and reliability of the desired measure once the measure has been approved for meeting the criteria of acceptable technical quality.
State assessments must be used as one of the multiple measures selected for those grade levels and content areas where assessments are given.
All Kansas school districts will provide continual professional learning opportunities for building leaders with a primary focus of district level training with regard to inter-rater agreement as part of the evaluation process.